Art Terms — D

From “Decorative Arts” to “Drawing”


white dog pet portraitThe Large White Dog
Pet Painting by Teresa Bernard
16″ x 20″
Oils on gallery wrap stretched canvas

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Decorative arts
Collective term for such art forms as ceramics, enamels, furniture, glass, ivory, metalwork and textiles, especially when they take forms used as interior decoration.
Decoupage
A French word meaning “paste up”. The Victorian craft of cutting out motifs from paper, gluing them to a surface and covering the glued on paper with as many layers of varnish as is required to give a completely smooth finish.
Depth of field
In photography, the area in front of and behind the focused point that is sharp. A shallow depth of field is used in portraits to provide a soft backdrop, whilst a greater depth of field is useful for landscapes to ensure everything from the foreground to the background is in focus. Shorter (wide angle) lenses and smaller apertures increase depth of field.
Design
The arrangement of the design elements to create a single effect. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.
Designing
The process of relating the elements whether they are similar or contrasting and visually arranging an interesting unity with them using the design principles.
Dominance
The emphasis placed on a particular area or characteristic of a work, with other areas or aspects given subordinate or supporting roles.
Double exposure
A technique used in film and photography to expose two images onto one negative, or sheet of photographic paper.
Double loading
Refers to loading a brush with two colors side by side. This is a technique typical of tole and other kinds of decorative painting. Also known as “side loading”.
Drawing
The act of representing an image on a surface by means of adding lines and shades, as with a pencil, crayon, pen, chalk, pastels, etc. Also refers to an illustration that has been drawn by hand.

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UPDATED: 25 April 2016
Word Count: 373