Art Terms and Definitions — J

art words listAn art words list of more than 10 terms and explanations that begin with the letter “J”. Common art words that are regularly used in art circles around the world. Art-related terms ranging from JAGGIES to JUXTAPOSITION.

Quick links to more art words are located at the end of the list.

Jaggies

In computer graphics or display imaging, jaggies are stair-like edges or lines that occur where there should be “smooth” straight lines or curves. They appear when the resolution is low, and the viewer notices the individual pixels. Also known as “aliasing.” Anti-aliasing and smoothing techniques can be useful in reducing jaggies.

Jalee Work

Refers to marble slabs that have been carved and embellished to resemble latticework or screens in Indian architecture. Jalee screens help define interior spaces and lets light in producing patterns of light. On hot days, they let in refreshing breezes, and their delicate tracery makes an interior room feel more spacious and light-filled. Jalee is a Hindi word “jālī,” meaning network or latticework.

Japanese Prints

A color print executed from woodblocks in water-based inks and developed to a high degree of artistry by the Japanese, especially in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Japonisme

The influence of Japanese art, fashion, and aesthetics on Western culture, especially Impressionism.

JPEG

An acronym for “Joint Photographic Experts Group” is a commonly used standard method of compressing photographic images on the Web. JPEG graphics are capable of reproducing a full range of colors while still remaining small enough for Web use.

Judaica

Jewish ceremonial art or artifacts used by Jews for religious rituals or practices.

Junk Art

art words listThree-dimensional works of art composed from old or discarded items, such as junk or trash, of little or no value. This form of artwork is deliberately not visually pleasing; it is unattractive (a.k.a. anti-aesthetic).

Justified Type

In typography, text spaced out between words to create columns with both edges flush or evenly aligned. With narrow columns, justification can create awkward gaps. However, with wide columns, justification can add elegant symmetry.

Jute

A natural fiber derived from flowering plants of the Malvaceae family, namely the Corchorus genus. Jute can be used to make twine and rope, as well as to weave sacking or matting. It is widely used in macramé crafts such as plant hangers, wall hangers, coasters and mats, and fashion items. Its coarse texture and earthy appearance make it ideal for creating lovely, rustic designs.

Juvenilia

Fine artworks produced by artists during their youth.

Juxtaposition

The act of placing or positioning items in the image area side by side or next to one another to illustrate some comparison.

Art Glossary Links

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Contributing to The Art Dictionary

This art dictionary is a work in progress. New terms and definitions are added on a regular basis. If you know of an art term and definition that isn’t already listed in it, but you believe it should be, send it to us and we’ll consider adding it. We’ll let you know if we do. Thanks!

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