Below is a list of necessary art supplies for the beginning oil painter. All items can easily be found at local arts and crafts supply stores such as Hobby Lobby or Michaels, or online via DickBlick.com or JerrysArtarama.com, for example.
- Art supply bin or wooden paint box
A plastic art supply bin (resembles a fishing tackle box) or wooden paint box are ideal for carrying supplies in.
- Art brushes (the type made for oil painting)
10 to 12 brushes is a good start. Both Flat (square with long bristles), and Filbert (rounded on top with long bristles) are recommended.
- 2 Large brushes (one flat, one filbert) about one inch wide
- 5 Medium brushes (three flat, two filbert) about ½ inch wide
- 3 Small brushes (one filbert, two flat) about ¼ inch wide
- 1 Very small brush for autographing the painting when completed
>> More info
Click for more info on flat and filbert types of brushes.
Click for more information about oil painting brushes.
A variety of pre-primed canvas board or stretched canvas, in sizes from 9 X 12 to 16 X 20 will do to get started with.
Click for more info on the types of canvas used for oil paintings.
A package of each small and large sticks of charcoal. Used for sketching the composition onto the canvas. Can also be used to do preliminary sketches of the subject matter.
- Cleaning rags and/or paper towels
These are used for cleaning excess paint, medium, etc. off a brush. They are also used for getting most of the paint and turpentine out of brushes before final cleaning.
- Cups for turpentine and medium
A small or medium sized cup for each.
- Dishwashing liquid
A small bottle of liquid dishwashing soap to clean your brushes. It will need to be the kind that works on grease such as Dawn. The small size fits nicely in an art bin or paint box.
For portability, a table easel that can fold up. For studio work, a standing easel that can be adjusted to a comfortable height for standing up. For “plein air” work, an adjustable standing easel that can be folded up and easily transported.
A kneaded eraser for charcoal work. A pink pearl to erase pencil lines.
1 small container. Used to prepare just about any surface to receive oil paint, from thick paper to wood, even pre-primed canvas.
Click for information about gesso.
- Linseed oil
1 bottle or can. Used to mix painting medium. Medium is made by combining 1 part linseed oil to 1 part turpentine. Medium is used to thin oil paint and makes it flow more easily on canvas and aids in blending paints.
- Oil paint
Windsor & Newton or Grumbacher are two good brands of oil paint for the beginner. They are less expensive than other brands, but the quality is fine. Be sure to purchase oil paint rather than water-soluble oil paint. Buy one each (200 ml tubes) of these colors are:
- Thalo Blue
- Cobalt Blue
- Cerulean Blue
- Ultramarine Blue
- Cadmium Red light
- Alizarin Crimson
- Yellow Ochre
- Cadmium Yellow Light or Lemon Yellow
- Cadmium Yellow Medium
- Viridian Green
- Sap Green
- Ivory black
- Burnt Umber
- Raw Umber
- Burnt Sienna
- Raw Sienna
- Burnt Umber acrylic paint – This will be used to trace over and cover up sketch marks on the canvas.
For more information about oil paints, see article titled Artist Grade or Student Grade Oil Paint, Making A Choice.
- Odorless turpentine or odorless mineral spirits (a.k.a. paint thinner)
Used to clean paint from art brushes.
Used to hold dabs of paint squeezed from the tube and also for mixing colors together. Can be made from wood, glass or some other material. Disposable palettes have sheets of wax paper which can be torn off and thrown away for easy cleanup.
- Palette knife
A handy tool used to mix paint on the palette. Some artists also like to using one to apply paint to canvas instead using an art brush.
See article titled There Are Palette Knives and Then There are Painting Knives.
A variety of sizes for drawing and for sketching a composition onto the canvas.
This tool will come in handy to loosen tight paint tube caps.
Used for measuring and drawing straight lines.
- Sketch pad
Any size to sketch on.
Applied to a painting after it is thoroughly dry to bring out the color and protect the painting from dust, direct sunlight and other elements that could harm it.
- Varnish brush
A soft brush with long hairs, dedicated to varnishing, helps to apply varnish thinly and evenly.