Art Terms — F

From “Ferrule” to “Fugitive Colors”


bonnie and clyde car paintingForgotten Roads of Bygone Days
Landscape by Teresa Bernard
24″ x 18″
Oils on gallery wrap stretched canvas

>> More info


Ferrule
Refers to the metal or plastic device that that aligns and anchors paintbrush bristles or hairs in an adhesive. The ferrule is attached to the handle by crimping or by binding wires. (See brush illustration.)
Filbert
Brushes used to create soft edges, blend colors, and has the shape of a flower petal or leaf. (See filbert brush illustration.)
Filigree
A technique used to produce fine intricate patterns in metal. Often used for metal beads, clasps, and bead caps.
Fine art
Art created for purely aesthetic expression, communication, or contemplation. Painting and sculpture are the best known of the fine arts. For more information see the blog “What is Fine Art?”
Fixative
A liquid, similar to varnish, which is usually sprayed over a finished piece of artwork to better preserve it and prevent smudging. Artwork media requiring fixative include drawings done in pencil, charcoal, and pastel.
Flat brush
flat brush imageA brush with a flat shaped end like a screwdriver. (See illustration.)
Foam core
A strong, stiff, resilient, and lightweight board of polystyrene laminated with paper on both of its sides used as backing for art prints before framing. Also referred to as “foam board”.
Focal point
A specific area, element or principle that dominates a work of art; the area in a work which the eye is most compellingly drawn. The viewer’s eye is usually drawn there first.
Folk art
Art created by individuals who have had no formal, academic training in art, but whose works part of an established tradition of style and craftsmanship. It is characterized by a naive style, in which traditional rules of proportion and perspective are not employed.
Font
In typography, a complete set of characters in a particular size and style of type. This includes the letter set, the number set, and all of the special character and diacritical marks you get by pressing the shift, option, or command/control keys.
Fontography
The field of font design. A person who designs fonts is a “fontographer”.
Form
The volume and shape of a three-dimensional work, perhaps including unfilled areas that are integral to the work as a whole.
Foreshortening
A form of perspective used to create the illusion of an object receding strongly into the distance or background by shortening the lines with which that object is drawn. To shorten an object to make it look as if it extends backwards into space.
Fractal
fractal art illustrationA mathematically generated pattern that is reproducible at any magnification or reduction. A geometric pattern that is repeated at ever smaller scales to produce irregular shapes and/or surfaces that cannot be represented by classical geometry. (See illustration.)
Frame
Something made to enclose a picture or a mirror; enclose in a frame, as of a picture.
Fresco
The technique of blending wet plaster with water based paint. As the plaster dries it becomes a lasting surface base. The term applies to the technique as well as the painting itself.
Fugitive colors
Short-lived pigments capable of fading or changing, especially with exposure to light, to atmospheric pollution, or when mixed with certain substances.

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UPDATED: 25 April 2016
Word Count: 561