Art Movements From A – Z

An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, that is subtly or distinctly different than another movement of art, followed by a group of artists during a specific timeframe and region.


TX Hay bales Oil on canvas“Life in Texas — Round Hay Bales”
Landscape by Teresa Bernard
16″ x 20″
Oils on stretched canvas

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List of Art Movements
Name of movement – time period, where it began

« A »

  • Abstract Art –
  • Art Brut (a.k.a. Outsider art) – mid-1940s, United Kingdom/United States
  • Abstract Expressionism – 1940s, Post WWII, United States
  • Abstract Illusionism – mid – 1970s, United States
  • Academic Art –
  • Action Painting – 1940s – early 1960s, United States
  • Aestheticism –
  • Altermodern –
  • American Barbizon School – 1880s – 1890s, United States
  • American Impressionism – 1880s, United States
  • American Realism – mid 1800s – early 1900s, United States
  • American Scene Painting – c. 1920 – 1945, United States
  • Analytical Art –
  • Arabesque –
  • Art Deco – 1920s – 1930s, France
  • Art Informel – mid-1940s – 1950s
  • Art Nouveau – 1890 – 1914, France
  • Arte Povera – 1967 –
  • Arts and Crafts Movement – 1880 – 1910, United Kingdom
  • Ashcan School – 1907, United States
  • Assemblage –
  • Les Automatistes – early 1940s – , Canada

« B – C »

  • Barbizon School – c. 1830 – 1870, France
  • Baroque – 1600 – 1730, Rome
  • Bauhaus – 1919 – 1933, Germany
  • Classical Realism –
  • Color Field – 1940s – 1950s, United States
  • Concrete Art – 1940s – 1950s, Northern Italy/France
  • Conceptual Art – 1960s –
  • Constructivism – 1920s, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union
  • Cubism – 1907 – 1914, France

« D – E – F »

  • Dada – 1916 – 1930, Switzerland
  • Danube School – first third of the 16th century, Bavaria/Austria
  • Dau-al-Set – 1948 – , Barcelona
  • De Stijl (a.k.a. Neoplasticism) – 1917 – 1931, Holland
  • Digital Art – 1990 – present
  • Expressionism – 1905 – 1930, Germany
  • Fantastic Realism – 1946 – , Vienna
  • Fauvism – 1904 – 1909, France
  • Figurative Art –
  • Figuration Libre – early 1980s, France
  • Folk Art –
  • Futurism – 1910 – 1930, Italy

« G – H »

  • Gutai Group – 1954 – , Japan
  • Gothic Art – 12th century AD, Northern France
  • Harlem Renaissance – 1920 – 1930s, United States
  • Heidelberg School – late 1880s, Australia
  • Hudson River School – 1850s – c. 1880
  • Humanistic Aestheticism – 19th century, Europe
  • Hyperrealism – early 2000s – , United States/Europe

« I – J – K »

  • Impressionism – 1860 – 1890, France
  • International Gothic – late 14th and early 15th century, Burgundy/Bohemia/France/northern Italy
  • International Typographic Style – 1950s, Switzerland
  • Junk Art – 1960s –
  • Kinetic Art –

« L – M »

  • Land Art – late-1960s – early 1970s
  • Les Nabis – 1888 – 1900, France
  • Letterism – mid-1940s, Paris, France
  • Lowbrow (art movement) – late 1970s, Los Angeles, California
  • Lyrical Abstraction – mid-1960s,
  • Magic Realism – 1960s, Germany
  • Mannerism – 1520 – 1600, Central Italy
  • Massurrealism – 1992 –
  • Maximalism –
  • Metaphysical Painting – 1911 – 1920, Chirico
  • Mingei – 1920s – 1930s, Japan
  • Minimalism – 1960s – early 1970s, United States
  • Modernism – late 19th – early 20th centuries,
  • Modular Constructivism – 1950s – 1960s,

« N – O »

  • Naïve Art –
  • Neoclassicism – 1750 – 1830, Rome
  • Neo-Dada – 1950s, International
  • Neo-expressionism – late 1970s –
  • Neo-figurative – 1960s, Mexico/Spain
  • Neoism –  late 1970s, Canada
  • Neo-primitivism –
  • New Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit) – 1920s, Germany
  • Northwest School (art) – 1940s, United States
  • Objective Abstraction – c. 1933 – 1936, Great Britain
  • Op Art – 1964 –
  • Orphism – 1912, France

« P »

  • Photorealism – late 1960s – early 1970s
  • Plasticien – mid 1950s, Quebec, Canada
  • Plein Air –
  • Pointillism – 1879, France
  • Pop Art – mid-1950s, United Kingdom – United States
  • Post-impressionism – 1886 – 1905, France
  • Postminimalism – late-1960s – 1970s
  • Precisionism – c. 1920, United States
  • Pre-Raphaelitism – 1848 – 1854, England
  • Primitivism –
  • Process Art – mid-1960s – 1970s
  • Psychedelic Art – early 1960s –
  • Purism – 1918–1925, France

« Q – R »

  • Qajar Art – 1781 – 1925, Persia
  • Realism – 1830 – 1870, France
  • Regionalism (a.k.a. Scene Painting) – 1920s  – 1950s, United States
  • Remodernism – 1999 –
  • Renaissance – c. 1300 – c. 1602, Florence
  • Rococo – 1720 – 1780, France
  • Romanesque – 1000 AD – 13th-century AD, Europe
  • Romanticism – 1790 – 1880

« S – T »

  • Samikshavad –  1974  – , North India
  • Shin Hanga – early 20th-century, Japan
  • Sōsaku Hanga – early 20th-century, Japan
  • Socialist Realism – c. 1930 – 1950, Soviet Union/Germany
  • Sots Art (Soviet Pop Art) – early 1970s, Soviet Union
  • Space Art (also “astronomical art”) –
  • Street Art –
  • Stuckism – 1999 –
  • Suprematism – 1915 – 1925, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union
  • Surrealism – Since 1920s, France
  • Symbolism (arts) – 1880 – 1910, France/Belgium
  • Synchromism – 1912, United States
  • Tachisme (a.k.a. Informel) – late-1940s – mid-1950s, France
  • Toyism – 1992 – present
  • Transgressive Art – early 1980s – , New York City
  • Tonalism – 1880 – 1920, United States

« U – V – W – X – Y – Z »

  • Ukiyo-e – 17th – 19th century, Japan
  • Vancouver School – 1980s,  Vancouver, BC
  • Vanitas – 16th and 17th centuries, Flanders/Netherlands
  • Vorticism – 1914 – 1920, United Kingdom