Art Terms — A

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From “ABC Art” to “Atmospheric Perspective”

ABC art
A 1960’s art movement and style that attempts to use a minimal number of textures, colors, shapes and lines to create simple three-dimensional structures. Also known as minimalism.
abstract artAbstract art
Art that looks as if it contains little or no recognizable or realistic forms from the physical world. Focus is on formal elements such as colors, lines, or shapes. Artists often “abstract” objects by changing, simplifying, or exaggerating what they see. Click for more information about abstract art.
Abstract expressionism
Art that rejects true visual representation. It has few recognizable images with great emphasis on line, color, shape, texture, value; putting the expression of the feelings or emotions of the artist above all else.
Academic art
A style of painting and sculpture heavily influenced by nineteenth century European academies of art. The academies were very conservative resisting advent-garde innovations and expressions of modern art.
To stress, single out as important. As applied to art it is the emphasis given to certain elements in a painting that allows them to attract more attention. Details that define an object or piece of art.
A process of increasing an art collection by addition; something added to what you already have (“the art collection grew through accession”).
Acrylic paint
A fast-drying synthetic paint made from acrylic resin. Acrylic is a fast-drying water-based “plastic” paint valued for its versatility and clean up with soap and water.
Aerial perspective
Refers to creating a sense of depth in painting by imitating the way the atmosphere makes distant objects appear less distinct and more bluish than they would be if nearby. Also known as atmospheric perspective.
Aerial view
Refers to viewing a subject from above, looking downward. Also called “birds-eye view”.
Alla prima
The method of oil painting in which the desired effects of the final painting are achieved in the first application of paint as opposed to the technique of covering the canvas in layers with the final painting being achieved at the end.
Analogous colors
Any set of three or five colors that are closely related in hue(s). They are usually adjacent (next) to each other on the color wheel.
Applied art
The use of the principles and elements of design to create functional pieces of works of art.
Approximate symmetry
The use of forms which are similar on either side of a central axis. They may give a feeling of the exactness or equal relationship but ar sufficiently varied to prevent visual monotony.
The completed work of an artist which is the expression of creativity or imagination, or both that portrays a mood, feeling or tells a story; works of art collectively. For more information see blog article titled “What is Fine Art?
Art brut
French for “raw art”, the art of children and outsiders (naïve artists and the mentally ill); actually, anyone not producing art for profit or recognition.
Art deco
A style of design and decoration popular in the 1920’s and 1930’s characterized by designs that are geometric and use highly intense colors, to reflect the rise of commerce, industry and mass production.
Art movement
A group of artists who agree on general principles or ideals regarding artistic styles and tendencies within a specific period of time. For more information see Art Movements From A – Z.
Art nouveau
A decorative art movement that emerged in the late nineteenth century; art characterized by dense asymmetrical ornamentation in sinuous forms, it is often symbolic and of an erotic nature.
Art period
A distinct phase, stage or juncture in the development of the creative work of an artist, groups of artists or art movement.
A practitioner in the arts, generally recognized as a professional by critics and peers.
A text based visual art created from 95 printable characters that uses computers for presentation. ASCII art is created using any text editor program and requires a fixed-width font such as Courier for presentation. For more info.
Ashcan school
A realist art movement in early twentieth century America best known for depicting everyday life in the poorer neighborhoods of New York City.
Assemblage art
A form of sculptured art, either three-dimensional or two-dimensional, composed of “found” objects and arranged in a such a way as to create a work of art. These objects can be anything organic or man-made. The origin of this particular art form dates back to Pablo Picasso, a well known cubist artist.
Astronomical art
See “space art“.
Asymmetrical balance
Placement of non-identical forms to either side of a balancing point in such a way that the two sides seem to be of the same visual weight.
Atmospheric perspective
A technique used by painters for representing three-dimensional space on a flat two-dimensional surface by creating the illusion of depth, or recession within a painting or drawing. Atmospheric perspective suggests that objects closer to the viewer are sharper in detail, color intensity, and value contrast than those farther away. As objects move closer to the horizon they gradually fade to a bluish gray and details blur, imitating the way distant objects appear to the human eye. Also called aerial perspective.

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Updated: 16 December 2018

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