Art Terms — V

From “Value” to “Volume”


Auvers, France church paintingVan Gogh’s Church at Auvers, France
Landscape by Teresa Bernard
20″ x 24″
Oils on gallery wrap stretched canvas

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Value
The lightness or darkness of a color; contrasts between light and dark. For more information see blog article titled “Basic Art Element — Value“.
linear perspectiveVanishing point
In perspective, the point on the horizon in the distance where two lines seem to converge and visibility ends.
Vector graphic
A graphic made up of mathematically defined curves and line segments called vectors. Vector graphics can be edited by moving and resizing either the entire graphic or the lines and segments that compose the graphic. Vector graphics can be reduced and enlarged (zoomed in and out) with no loss of resolution.
Vermilion
Scarlet red, a variable color that is vivid red but sometimes with an orange tinge.
Vertical balance
The distribution of visual weights in a piece in such a way that top and bottom seem to be in equilibrium.
Viewfinder
viewfinder graphicA tool used to look through to compose an image. This tool is helpful in selecting the most interesting composition to be found in a larger image by cropping out unwanted perimeters. In photography a viewfinder is what the photographer looks through to compose, and in many cases to focus, the picture (see illustration). For more information see article titled “Making and Using a Viewfinder to Compose Better Paintings“.
Vignette
An image or painting where the borders are undefined and seem to fade away gradually until it blends into the background.
Viridian
A blue-green pigment composed more of green than blue. Viridian takes its name from the Latin viridis meaning “green”.
Visual communication
The communication of ideas through the visual display of information. Primarily associated with two dimensional images, it includes: alphanumeric, art, signs, and electronic resources. Recent research in the field has focused on web design and graphically oriented usability.
Visual economy
As used in art, a paring down to only the essential elements required to achieve the desired effect; a.k.a. simplicity.
Volume
The mass of three-dimensional shapes in space.

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UPDATED: 25 April 2016
Word Count: 372